India’s approach to cryptocurrency, including digital assets like Bitcoin, has been cautious yet evolving towards more structured regulations. Here’s a comprehensive view of the current landscape, reflecting significant legislative developments, tax regulations, and the government’s stance on cryptocurrencies:

Legislation and Government Stance

Global Legal Insights: Blockchain & Cryptocurrency Laws & Regulations 2024

1 Government attitude and definition 2 Cryptocurrency regulation 3 Sales regulation 4 Taxation 5 Money transmission laws and anti-money laundering requirements 6 Promotion and testing 7 Ownership and licensing requirements 8 Mining 9 Border restrictions and declaration 10 Reporting requirements 11 Reporting under the PMLA 12 Estate planning and testamentary succession


  • The Indian government has not proposed to recognize Bitcoin as a currency.
  • The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2021, aimed to ban all private cryptocurrencies in India while laying the groundwork for a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • In 2022, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a tax of 30% on crypto profits and a 1% tax to be deducted at source (TDS) on all digital transactions, signaling a movement toward regulating the space rather than outright banning it.
  • Despite the strict tax regime, there is no outright ban on cryptocurrencies in India, but they remain unregulated. The Reserve Bank of India’s governor has previously called for a complete ban on Bitcoin, labeling it akin to “gambling”.
  • India has played a significant role in global crypto regulation, especially during its presidency at the G20 summit, where it emphasized international standards for the sector set by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).


  • The Finance Act 2022 was significant as it was the first law in India to recognize Virtual Digital Assets (VDAs), imposing a flat 30% tax on profits from selling, swapping, or spending VDAs, including cryptocurrencies.
  • The law also introduced a 1% TDS on the transfer of crypto assets to keep track of investments and transactions within the crypto space.
  • However, there are restrictions, such as not allowing the offset of crypto losses against other income, indicating a cautious regulatory approach towards the volatile nature of digital assets.


  • As of now, cryptocurrencies operate in a regulatory grey area in India, without formal recognition as legal tender but also not banned.
  • The government’s move to tax digital assets has been interpreted by some as a step towards recognizing and potentially regulating cryptocurrencies.
  • The future of cryptocurrency regulation in India appears to be leaning towards more structured oversight, with potential legal frameworks expected to emerge by 2025, acknowledging the high rate of crypto adoption at the grassroots level.

India’s crypto landscape is characterized by its cautious yet strategic approach to integrating digital assets into its financial system. The focus has been on taxation as a means to bring some degree of regulation to the sector, alongside significant discussions at international forums like the G20 summit to harmonize global crypto regulations. As the Indian government continues to evaluate its approach, the country remains a key player in the global conversation on cryptocurrency regulation, poised for significant decisions in the coming years.

Come back frequently to this page as there are always updates being made.

Contributer & Partner: GALTER

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